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ARCHIVE OF PUBLISHED EDITORIALS YEAR 2024


03/15/2024 * COP28 IMPOSES A CHANGE IN STRATEGY

01/15/2024 * COMMUNICATION: POWERFUL TOOL



ARCHIVE OF PUBLISHED EDITORIALS YEAR 2023


12/15/2023 * COP28, WHAT NOW?

11/15/2023 * THE ESEQUIBO, CHRONOLOGY OF A DISPOSSESSION

10/15/2023 * WORDS, WORDS, WORDS (Greta Thunberg)

09/15/2023 * PROPOSED ROAD MAP TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE

08/15/2023 * THE UN DECLARED THE ERA OF GLOBAL WARMING IS OVER, THE ERA OF "GLOBAL BOILING" HAS ARRIVED

07/30/2023 * THE LAST CELAC-EU MEETING, CONCERN AND SADNESS FOR THE REGION

06/06/2023 * THE CELAC-EU MEETING, A SAD MIRROR OF REALITY

05/30/2023 * ABOUT THE LAST MEETING OF SOUTH AMERICAN LEADERS

03/01/2023 * UNITY AGAINST INFLATION IN THE AREA, THE RIGHT WAY FORWARD

02/01/2023 * THE UNITY OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN PEOPLES WILL NOT BE ACHIEVED WITH THE PRESENT CELAC

GO TO ARCHIVE OF PUBLISHED EDITORIALS YEAR 2022



Editorial March 15 2024

COP28 imposes a change in strategy

Biodiversity on the planet is characterized by interrelated processes of individuals with each other and with the geographical environment that surrounds them. Any alteration of the latter directly affects the species that relate to it and, indirectly, to the rest of the chain of living beings that depend on those.

This environment currently undergoes a growing temperature increase, product of the breakdown of a natural thermal equilibrium that, adequate amounts of CO2, water vapor and other gases in the atmosphere, made it possible thanks to the "controlled" greenhouse effect that they generated and that generated and that It allowed part of the heat of the earth to escape the space, due to an increase in the volume of these gases, and the increase of the greenhouse effect by human activity.

DISASTROUS CONSEQUENCES

This break accelerates the natural feedback mechanisms. A greater heat in the air, greater in the oceans, which causes greater evaporation of water, increasing the greenhouse effect, which in turn heats more the oceans causing, among other consequences: storms and more numerous and violent cyclones; Stronger aerial turbulence, which have affected, and will affect, the transport of goods and tourism; the death of corals and algae releasing the important volumes of the CO2 that have trapped; The same happens with the melting of the poles and the affloring of the permafrost below and the release of the CO2 that contains: the rise in sea level that threatens coastal areas; the probable extinction of marine species, which would cause the interruption of food chains; In addition to the danger that marine vital currents stop, such as the AMOC.

All this also affects the stability of the global environment on the mainland, causing great droughts that destroy sowings, diminish livestock and feed vessels fires; turbulent rains and floods causing great destruction and losses of life; modification in the reproductive cycles of the plants; and many more etc.

For decades, scientists have argued that this process can be reversed and combat limiting the consumption of fossil fuels, main CO2 emitters. But all events, forums and meetings held on how to reduce that consumption have been unsuccessful or not very effective. COP28, recently organized by the United Nations, is an example of that safety.

This has been possible thanks to the unit of action that the main industrial powers have established, which see in the reduction of these fuel production levels, while your reserves allow it. Such is the case of the United States that, with reservations that reach for 15 years at the current level, they propose is for 2038 not produce more methane gas.

FOR A REALISTIC AND EFFECTVE STRATEGY

Given this, our region must be aware of two things: 1) COP28 killed all hope that global and short -term measures are taken that drastically reduce the production and consumption of fossil fuels and 2) that experience has taught that our peoples They are the ones who have suffered the most and, they will suffer the attacks of climate change

You have to change the strategy, and move from the complaint and rimbombantes speeches, by concrete steps to build in our region, mechanisms and joint instances that allow to successfully face that threat future. The recent regional treaties of the Amazon and the bioceanic corridor constitute valuable referents for other areas and spaces.

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Editorial January 15 2024

COMMUNICATION: POWERFUL TOOL

The meager results of the recent COP28 indicate that the date is far away for effective actions against Climate Change and its dire consequences to be crystallized.

The Latin American and Caribbean countries, which have felt the most, and feel the climate effects firsthand, cannot continue with their arms crossed, suffering the onslaught of prolonged droughts and major floods, which have significantly affected their economic activities, in addition to the serious social calamities they have caused, eroded the quality of life of the inhabitants, including health, and directly affecting hundreds of thousands of people and causing thousands of fatalities.

We cannot continue down the path of passivity, since what is on the horizon for our countries, and predicted by recognized organizations, are even greater climate disasters, without ruling out the foreseeable appearance of new pandemics such as COVID

None of our countries alone can face the consequences of Climate Change. The only way to do it successfully is with joint action by those nations convinced of the existence of this reality and willing to face it, which goes beyond political and ideological positions in favor of the common good.

This will be possible only if such a degree of awareness is created in the population that it drives their governments in that direction. Achieving this goal is the great challenge that those of us who promote the fight against Climate Change have:

In this order of ideas, our Association has proposed as a short-term objective, to publish a periodical publication that uses its spaces to make known, in a pedagogical and scientific way, knowledge about these topics, as well as, help to the frank and useful discussion in the region of the measures to confront it; also promoting activities and events that promote their dissemination, in addition to reviewing the recent news that is being produced on this topic at a global level.

We have contemplated it in two presentations: one virtual, which uses the power of social networks so that it can be widely accessed at a regional level, and the other physically, in order to deliver it directly to the countries of our continent, to their higher-level academic institutions, research centers, academies, related public institutions and organizations, and to the political sectors that have the obligation to address the claims of their people.

We are aware that it is a very ambitious goal, but just as necessary.

Given that our Association does not depend financially on any government, party or organization, this goal will only be possible to achieve with the collaboration of as many people as possible. That is why we invite you: Well, to join the activities of our association; Or through much-needed donations. To find out how to do this, you can access the "Collaboration and Donations" section of our website www.aprosima.com.

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Editorial December 15 2023

COP28, WHAT NOW?

On October 23, the Spanish newspaper El País titled an article like this, and rightly so: "COP28 will be a decisive moment for the future of Latin America and the Caribbean."

Certainly, our continent has been the hardest hit by Climate Change with very serious economic and social consequences, which, together with the sustained fall in the average GDP, as indicated in the latest ECLAC report, ends for presenting a gloomy outlook for the region.

A CONFERENCE FAILURE

Unfortunately, after so many expectations generated by the holding of the UN Conference on Climate Change, COP28, the final document approved constituted a true and total disappointment by not approving important and quantifiable concrete measures to combat it, attempting to disguise it in the media, through ex-officio commentators, presumably paid, with the argument that an extraordinary achievement had been achieved, the "recognition for the first time" of the role of fossil fuels as emitters of greenhouse gases and the weak call to "get away" from them.

This is a cruel mockery for the billions of human beings who suffer its consequences with droughts, floods, storms, and all the consequences that these cause in terms of hunger, unemployment, quality of life, and even death.

And it constitutes a mockery, because to present this recognition as a great logo when, in 1861, the Irish physicist John Tyndall demonstrated the influence of carbon dioxide (CO2) on the changes that have occurred in the climate, and in 1895, the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius, concludes that industrial-era coal combustion will increase the natural greenhouse effect. Observation ratified in 1965, by an advisory committee to the presidency of the United States, which described it as an important fact and of real concern. Concern that increased and led in 1997 to a world conference in which the Kyoto protocol was approved, a binding agreement (not fulfilled) between the signatory countries so that, between 2008 and 2012, they would reduce the emission of gases with an effect greenhouse by 5.2% compared to 1990,

For the COP28 Conference, the conditions were in place to achieve decisive achievements. Never before had the world scientific community produced and disseminated so much material on Climate Change, which was combined with a year in which the terrible consequences of this change were felt or known by practically everyone on the planet. It will take some time to have another scenario so favorable.

LEARN THIS LESSON TO PLOT THE PATH

A great lesson must be learned from this: It will not be only with assemblies, meetings, articles, complaints or demonstrations, that effective mechanisms can be articulated to confront Climate Change. To achieve this, it is also necessary to design a precise roadmap and have conscious, clear and courageous leadership. If achieving it is fundamental for the world, for the Latin American people it is vital.

The great advantage is that now there is much greater awareness and a generalized conviction that something must be done and soon.

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Editorial November 15 2023

THE ESEQUIBO, CHRONOLOGY OF A DISPOSSESSION

In 1999, the US company Exxon signed an agreement with Guyana to explore an offshore block of 26,800 square kilometers (an area larger than the state of Falcón), in which it found important oil deposits.

The problem they faced was that this block was located in the territorial sea of Guayana Esequiba, an area in dispute between Guyana and Venezuela. In order to anticipate a highly probable direct conflict with Venezuela due to the presence of Exxon, in March 2015 the United States issued an order declaring our country as a real and credible threat. At the time it was not understood by anyone, as it lacked any kind of basis. Subsequently, and not by chance, in May 2015, Exxon Mobil announces that it found oil in the sea of Guayana Esequiba. No one related then both facts.

STIMULATING INTERNAL CONFLICT

Continuing with its strategy of seeking to weaken Venezuela in such a way that it would accept any imposition with the Essequibo, the next step was to divide Venezuela politically into irreconcilable factions. For this purpose, it takes advantage of both the triumph of the opposition in the 2015 legislative elections, with provocative actions, and inexplicable at first sight, since the logical thing would be a political activity that, based on that triumph, would seek to win the next presidential elections, and the fact that, in the years 2016 and 2017, 70 billion dollars of Venezuelan foreign debt was maturing.

To prevent Venezuela from having the resources for its cancellation, the international oil price was manipulated, taking it from almost $100 to up to $17 per barrel, which placed his government in the dilemma of either not honoring the debt, in which case creditors could foreclose the valuable oil assets, or paying it and being left without funds to meet social needs. He opted for the latter option, generating a major economic crisis.

To aggravate it, the US government implemented economic measures against our country. It should be noted that, historically, the real purpose of economic sanctions has been to seriously undermine the economy of a country, to prevent the strengthening of its civilian infrastructure and its military defenses, so that it cannot offer serious resistance at the time of an armed intervention, as Caesar did in Gaul. The same has happened in the cases of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Russia, etc.

The situation of social dissatisfaction in 2017, made people think that it was the opportunity to start a real civil insurrection, Maidan type, which what caused was the death of hundreds of dead among civilians and military. Without that foreign intervention, the situation in Venezuela would be totally different today.

THE INTERVENTION OF THE UN

The UN Secretary General takes advantage of this situation of internal conflict to refer, on his own, the issue of the dispute to the International Court of Justice, thus ignoring the Treaty of Geneva between England and Venezuela and ratified by Guyana.

In order for Venezuela to legally validate the cooked up and expected decision of said Court, they created the figure of a parallel government. Another act that was not understandable at the time. Although that attempt failed, there is still a "President in charge" of the republic.

COVID 19, the wars in Ukraine and Palestine, which threatens to become regional, plus the tense situation in Asia, have slowed down the speed of the decision, waiting for better conditions. If this decision were to generate a conflict in the Essequibo, given its extension, its jungle condition and the absence of cities, this would be a long one, mostly unconventional, and with the counterfactual that, attacking Venezuela's most critical point, its oil installations, would be, given the world situation of crude oil, spitting upwards.

WHAT IS AT STAKE IS OIL

It is worth remembering that it has been the cause of many wars in the last century, including the Second World War, with the Nazi attempt to occupy the Caucasus, and Japan entered that war when the United States prevented its access to crude oil, in Iraq, Syria, Angola, etc.

Venezuela responded to that strategy and as a first step, with the direct consultation of the people through an overwhelming referendum, catalogued by some American media as a way to give "new wings to Maduro's territorial ambitions", showing a total ignorance of the historical feeling of our people.

Our Association APROSIMA as such, is not biased by any current ideological or political current, within the country or abroad, nor is it identified with any religious creed. Our conduct and opinions obey our condition as Venezuelans, which prevails over any consideration.

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Editorial October 15 2023

WORDS, WORDS, WORDS (Greta Thunberg)

As a response by the UN to the foreseeable effects on nature of continuing with the rate of greenhouse gas emissions, the world conference on climate change was held in 1997 in Japan, at which the so-called Kyoto Protocol was "solemnly approved", stipulating a 5% reduction in the emission of these gases. By that year, the total amount of gases emitted globally as a result of fossil fuels was 24.15 billion tons.

Subsequent to that conference, the UN held highly publicized global meetings in 2007 in Indonesia, in 2009 in Denmark, in 2015 in Paris 35.5 and in 2022 in Scotland, to "tackle climate change".

These actions have been of little, if any, use. Suffice it to say that last year 36.6 billion tons of these gases were emitted, 12.45 billion tons more than in 1995, representing an increase of more than 51%, as shown in the attached graph taken from the web portal www.statista.com.



And it is even more serious that the use of coal, the most polluting fossil fuel, has increased, reaching, according to UN news, to represent more than 40% of the global growth of CO2 emissions in 2021.

From the above, very serious conclusions can be drawn:

1 - The serious natural disasters we are suffering, are a consequence of such irresponsibility. If this CO2 increase is not stopped, the consequences for humanity will be more disastrous with each passing day, particularly for the most vulnerable nations.

2 - With the current structure, the UN is unable to successfully face the challenge of climate change.

3 - The major polluting powers, disregard the opinion and interests of the rest of the world, and contemptuously ignore their commitments.

4 - The rest of the countries are powerless in the face of the devastating damage that climate change is causing and will cause in our countries.

Thus our proposal to change the Security Council, dominated by the polluting powers, for a Council of Humanity, in which the different regions of the planet are represented, with equal decision-making power among them.

We Latin Americans and Caribbeans must play, through union, a decisive role in these much-needed changes. Unfortunately, we see that most of the region's leadership is unaware of this, exhausting itself in sterile and miniscule internal disputes.

WE MUST KEEP IN MIND THAT THE VERY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE SUFFER TODAY ARE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE NEGLIGENCE OR IGNORANCE OF PAST LEADERS, AND THAT THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS OF TODAY'S LEADERS.

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Editorial September 15 2023

PROPOSED ROAD MAP TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE

The lack of space and the absence of proposals on Climate Change in most of the speeches made by the Heads of State at the last UN Assembly was alarming.

Especially when contrasted with the alarming reality that the planet is beginning to experience climate change, to the point that, by next year, the goal set in Paris for 2050 of a 1.5 degree Celsius increase in temperature above the average of the pre-industrial era is expected to be reached, 26 years ahead of schedule! It is so serious that there is already talk of a goal of 2.6° increase by 2050, which would be catastrophic.

This acceleration in the increase of global warming and its disastrous consequences, impose that humanity urgently implements effective measures to face it.

The UN should be the ideal organization to design, coordinate and guarantee their execution. However, the political-military conception that has prevailed in its constitution and functioning, directed in practice by the five permanent members of the Security Council, has prevented it not only from fulfilling this role, but also from successfully confronting the other serious problems facing humanity, such as migration, hunger, poverty, child malnutrition, human rights, environmental preservation, democracy, drugs, etc.

WHAT IS THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL?

The UN was created by the victorious powers of World War II as a forum for all nations. Since the fundamental fear at the time was the repetition of such terrible conflagrations as that war, they created a body within the UN, the Security Council, with the aim of eliminating any possibility of global armed conflict, granting five nations the right to veto any of its decisions or resolutions.

It certainly achieved its goal. Although opportunities have not been lacking, in nearly eighty years there has been no direct conflagration between the great powers.

This has not meant that wars and conflicts have disappeared. On the contrary, there have never been so many simultaneous wars and upheavals in the history of mankind as in the last eight decades, almost always as a result of the appetite for domination, first by the two poles of power that emerged in the post-war period, and then by the so-called unipolar world. Thus transforming the rest of the world into a bloody chessboard, with many nations becoming its pawns.

Thus we saw wars and invasions in Vietnam, Yugoslavia, Palestine, Afghanistan, Haiti, Grenada, Poland, Sudan, Czechoslovakia, Angola, Laos, Cambodia, Algeria, Iraq, Dominican Republic, Hungary, Libya, Syria, Georgia, Tibet, to mention but a few, in addition to the countless coups d'état, political assassinations, civil wars and insurrections that occurred during that period.

With such a structure, the UN is not capable of facing the new realities. Its complete restructuring is urgently needed.

Powerful global economic and political groups see their interests threatened by the measures taken to this end, and will try to contaminate them. An example of this are the cosmetic proposals, in the Catopardian style of changing so that nothing changes, of limiting them to increasing the number of nations with a permanent seat on the Security Council, or of giving greater power to its Secretary General.

MULTIPOLARITY: MORE OF THE SAME

Another proposal that has been circulating is that of moving towards a multipolar and multicentric world, which in practice is nothing more than sanctifying a similar scheme of domination under another name.

What really is a "pole of power"? It is a system in which a nation or group of nations constituting the center of the "pole" has economic, political and military control over another group of dependent nations, a periphery euphemistically called "area of influence".

The power of these "poles" is directly related to the amount of territory, resources and population of these "areas of influence".

The first modern multipolar system was established at the end of the 19th century, when the European powers divided up most of the world through the establishment of colonies. That balance did not last long. A few decades later, the doors were opened to the First World War, due to the desire of some of them to redistribute the possession of those colonies.

If a multipolarity scheme is established, the struggle between "poles" to expand their "areas of influence" at the expense of the other poles will be repeated, and given the impossibility of resolving it with a direct war between them over nuclear weapons, the Third World countries will continue to be the pawns on the global chessboard, as can already be seen in the confrontations in the African Sahel nations such as Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso, in Southeast Asia, in Ukraine, in Latin America with wars, sanctions, coups and counter-coups. Burkina Faso, in Southeast Asia, in Ukraine, in Latin America with wars, sanctions, coups and counter-coups. It is in this scenario that we must understand the stimulated aggravation of the confrontation, and probable war, between Venezuela and Guyana.

The other important aspect is that, given the implosion of the instituted "global order", when its main legal, financial and even sporting institutions were placed in defense of the interests of the Western pole in the Ukraine War, such as the IMF, WTO, SWIFT, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, etc., it is obvious that any pole that emerges will take care of itself and build its own economic and legal structures, which would prevent, for a time, any possibility of global institutionality.

Concentrating almost all of humanity's efforts on global power struggles and neglecting its very serious problems would mean the end of our race. We must internalize that these problems, including Climate Change, threaten EVERYONE, and must be faced TOGETHER.

In this sense, our proposal is to replace the current conception of the Security Council with a Council of Humanity, whose main goal would be to successfully confront the enormous problems facing human beings. The main geographical areas of the planet would be represented on an equal footing: South America and the Caribbean, Africa, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America, Central Asia, Southeast Asia; as well as the most populous countries: China and India. India's recent invitation to the African Union to the G-20 meeting, and not to individual countries of that continent, is an interesting precedent that indicates that this is the way forward.

If consolidated regional blocs can be structured in Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, conflicts and wars will be significantly reduced, since no "pole" will be able to intervene either militarily or politically in the countries that comprise them. This would also allow all regions to participate actively and directly in global decision-making.

The road to achieve this will not be easy. Many obstacles will have to be overcome. But reality is stubborn. The worsening of environmental deterioration, and other problems that cannot be hidden or minimized, will serve as a powerful pivot to achieve it.

Two conditions are essential to achieve this objective.

First: the creation of solid organizations that bring together the nations of each region. Let us remember that Africa alone has more than 1.2 billion inhabitants and Latin America more than 650 million inhabitants, which together constitute true unconquerable rocks.

Second: We must de-ideologize the study and the search for solutions, not conditioning them to comply with the postulates of political, economic or ideological theories. With leaders who act without pre-judgments, concentrating on the problems to be faced.

WE MUST KEEP IN MIND THAT THE VERY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE SUFFER TODAY ARE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE NEGLIGENCE OR IGNORANCE OF PAST LEADERS, AND THAT THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS OF TODAY'S LEADERS.

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Editorial August 15 2023

THE UN DECLARED THE ERA OF GLOBAL WARMING IS OVER, THE ERA OF "GLOBAL BOILING" HAS ARRIVED

In contrast to the tens, or perhaps hundreds of thousands of news items, writings, studies and essays published in the last 30 years by the media and organizations, in which they denounced and warned about the dangers that Climate Change would bring to humanity, most of the materials we currently read about the environment describe catastrophic events that occur as a direct effect of the acceleration of Climate Change.

In the news section of our website www.aprosima.com, we present a small sample of information and materials that have been published recently and that will allow the reader to have an idea about the degree of deterioration that the environment is experiencing not only as a result of climate change, but also by the action of human beings in other spheres of our daily lives. Deterioration that will pale before what will happen to humanity in the future if the necessary radical measures are not taken NOW.

Not without reason, the UN Secretary General has declared that "The era of global warming is over, now it is time for the era of global boiling".

It is therefore necessary that those who have, and will have in their hands the ability to take such measures, become aware of these new realities and the danger we are facing.

This is an arduous task, both because of a total or partial ignorance of the seriousness of the situation, and because of the action of powerful economic and political interests that fear that they will be directly affected by the measures to be taken.

To overcome this resistance, it is necessary that human beings as a whole (scientists, organized communities, universities, academia, religious sectors, etc.) internalize the seriousness of the situation we are facing and manage to generate actions that raise awareness at decision-making levels. But this requires an enormous communicational effort.

It is in this sense of divulgation that our Association directs its efforts, and together with this, with the formulation of concrete proposals that allow us to obtain these fruits. We take this opportunity to invite you to join our efforts to our struggle, either with personal participation in the tasks ahead, or with donations that may allow us to have the necessary resources to fulfill these tasks.

WE MUST KEEP IN MIND THAT THE VERY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE SUFFER TODAY ARE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE NEGLIGENCE OR IGNORANCE OF PAST LEADERS, AND THAT THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS OF TODAY'S LEADERS.

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Editorial July 30 2023

THE LAST CELAC-EU MEETING, CONCERN AND SADNESS FOR THE REGION

Climate change is accelerating faster than expected, and humanity is already beginning to suffer its very serious consequences.

In fact, the average temperature increase of 1.5° above pre-industrial values, originally estimated by experts to be reached by the year 2050, and which served as the basis for taking measures to counteract it, is expected to be reached next year, 26 YEARS EARLIER THAN EXPECTED, to the point that the UN Secretary General himself has dramatically expressed that "The climate crisis is killing us"

Just look at what Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA's Institute for Special Studies, recently said: "The current heat wave is not a surprise and it will continue, because we continue to release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and until we stop doing so, TEMPERATURES WILL CONTINUE TO RISE".

In order for humanity to face it successfully, two key aspects must be kept in mind: It is a phenomenon that affects all of humanity and its solution is political. Not ideologically speaking, but taken by the States.

THE UN IS NOT UP TO THE CHALLENGE

The United Nations, which should be the ideal organization to deal with this type of situation, is not, since it was designed to solve warlike situations, and is inoperative in the face of such situations, as we have seen in the recent COVID 19 pandemic.

In this scenario, it is vital that Latin Americans and Caribbeans have a united and strong voice to defend the interests of the region and the planet because, in addition, we are the continent that is suffering, and will suffer the most from the effects of Climate Change.

But we are very far from achieving this unity of action, as we saw in the recent EU-CELAC summit, which left deep feelings of sadness and concern.

Sadness, because we could see how our region was presented without an agenda or common objectives that could successfully complete the defense of the Latin American and Caribbean peoples.

Concern, because the final declaration established concepts and actions that seriously harm us, meekly accepted by the governments of the region.

NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF THE DECLARATION

In order not to go into too much detail, we will highlight only a few points:

* It institutionalizes the practice of directly establishing agreements between the European Union as such and individual countries, behind the back and against the interests of the rest of the CELAC countries;

* The guarantee of the "supply chain" and the guarantee of access to raw materials from our continent was established as a point of the highest order;

* No convincing actions were taken regarding Climate Change, drifting towards the quasi-useless agendas of the already abundant international meetings on the subject;

* The interference of the European Union in the internal affairs of our States is accepted, with phrases such as that of demanding "credible" elections. Credible by whom? by them? And if they are not credible, what would give them the right?

* The issue of the decolonization of our region, in which colonies such as French Guiana, Puerto Rico, the islands of Great Britain, Holland and France and the Falklands still survive, was omitted. This topic was treated as a salute to the flag, but, certainly, treated at last for the first time;

* No forceful action was taken to address the deplorable episodes of migration and drug trafficking.

* There was no explicit condemnation of the plans for military intervention in Haiti, nor the assassination of its President, nor the coups against Evo Morales and Castillo, nor the stripping of Venezuela's valuable assets in countries allied to the EU, nor even a policy of common action against governments that have come to power by force.

* In the case of Ukraine, it was shameful that the delegations took sides by declaring "the ongoing war against Ukraine", instead of "the war in Ukraine", ignoring the peaceful nature of our peoples and boycotting any attempt to re-establish peace. * No forceful action was taken to address the deplorable episodes of migration and drug trafficking.

* And to top it all off, continental support for the neocolonialist plan to "reform" the UN Security Council, incorporating NATO member or "friendly" countries such as Germany, Japan and Brazil with permanent status, has been established.

THIS GENUFLECTING BEHAVIOR MUST CHANGE

With such behavior on the part of the states, the region cannot successfully face the challenges of the future.

Aware of this, our Association has set itself the goal of building a body that brings together NGOs and social organizations in the region, with which we share purposes and objectives, in order to build a powerful movement of action and continental outreach, to help chart the way to achieve, once and for all, a strong political, economic and social unity of our countries.

If you agree with the above and wish to join our struggle, individually or on behalf of any NGO or Social Movement, you can write to our email contacto@aprosima.com

WE MUST KEEP IN MIND THAT THE VERY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE SUFFER TODAY ARE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE NEGLIGENCE OR IGNORANCE OF PAST LEADERS, AND THAT THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS OF TODAY'S LEADERS.

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Editorial February 01, 2023

THE UNITY OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN PEOPLES WILL NOT BE ACHIEVED WITH THE PRESENT CELAC

It was demonstrated at the last CELAC meeting held in Argentina that this organization is not currently capable of carrying out the process of unity needed by the Latin American and Caribbean peoples.

This event was limited to the presentation of isolated ideas by some countries, without major previous debates, which in the end ended in nothing, such as the creation of a single Latin American currency; or the construction of a railway system to unite all our countries; or the creation of a Secretary General. Proposals that are really effective if they are part of a guiding project, but that on their own are useless, just as the construction of the Pan-American Highway, conceived at the time as a way for the economic development of the region, was useless.

To top off this inability, we saw how uncomfortable and revealing situations and frictions arose, such as the revelation of the epithets uttered by the Chilean Foreign Minister against the Argentine Foreign Minister, or the annoyance of Uruguay for being considered a minor partner of Mercosur, among other incidents.

The sad thing is that no decisive actions were taken in serious cases such as the shameful situation of the Haitian people; drug trafficking; migration; global warming; wars; the rude attitude of the head of the US Southern Command; or her shameless instruction to the International Court of Justice to rule against Venezuela, remaining only words.

This lack of clarity of the reality in which we live, which prevents us from having a common objective, is what makes it impossible to achieve the desired unity.

We reiterate our argument that it is necessary, and urgent, to take advantage of the presence of several progressive governments in the region so that they can be the seed of Latin American unity, elaborating a road map of concrete actions, probably not so ambitious or utopian.

This was the path of the few countries that formed the European Economic Community and culminated in the creation of the European Union. If they had waited for the consensus of all their nations, it would still only be a project.

WORLD REALITY IMPOSES THE PATH OF UNITY

In addition to the very serious problem of a population in the continent that for the most part cannot satisfy its needs, there is the real and practically imminent danger of the loss of sovereignty in the region, a consequence of both the acute shortage of raw materials at the global level that has produced the conflicts between East and West, and the pre-Christian conception that the leaders of most industrialized countries have of understanding that relations between human beings are necessarily based on a scheme of domination, of the master-slave type.

We have seen how in recent years the proclaimed values of democracy and the self-determination of peoples are being demolished for the sake of selfish interests, so it would be an illusion to imagine that, in the desperate situation of scarcity of raw materials in which the major powers find themselves, they would respect the sovereignty of Latin American countries.

If the progressive leaders of our continent do not become aware of these realities and act accordingly, it will be the Latin American and Caribbean peoples who will have the last word.

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Editorial March 01, 2023

UNITY AGAINST INFLATION IN THE AREA, THE RIGHT WAY FORWARD

The proposal made by the President of Mexico to form a front of Latin American countries to fight the current inflationary wave that is sweeping the region is correct.

This is a direct consequence of the high inflation currently being experienced by the main Western powers, with levels never seen since the 1930s, reaching, in some areas, accumulated figures of three digits since 2020. Inflation originated in its beginnings by the impact on the economy of the COVID 19 pandemic, and which has been exacerbated since the beginning of the war in Ukraine.

As a result, on the one hand, manufactured goods imported by Latin America from industrialized countries have risen considerably in price, which has had a strong impact on the costs of local supply chains.

On the other hand, the lower purchasing power of those powers, as a result of their galloping inflation, has reduced the demand for the goods and services that our region has traditionally offered them.

The joint action of our nations proposed by López Obrador must go beyond short-term solutions.

IT IS TIME TO START GUARANTEEING THE FUTURE

These bitter experiences should serve as a basis for designing a road map that will allow the economies of our countries to definitively reach the required levels of self-sufficiency, so that never again will the obstacles of nature or the irrational warlike actions of some of the madmen who lead these powers affect our peoples so negatively.

The immense power represented by the countries mentioned above, which in principle would form part of this anti-inflationary front, constitutes a sufficiently solid support to achieve it.

Indeed, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras and Mexico together have a potential market of more than 475 million inhabitants, with a surface area of more than 16.4 billion square kilometers and a global gross domestic product of more than 6.8 trillion dollars.

This road map is necessary because, what this situation has made perfectly clear, is that the economic model of dependence imposed on our countries since the end of World War II, based fundamentally on activities such as foreign tourism, the internal commercialization of products manufactured abroad, with a modest industry, mostly in the hands of transnationals, and the export of raw materials and agricultural products to other continents, has failed.

This failure had already shown itself to be incapable of satisfying the needs of the growing population of our countries, and has generated serious social upheavals in the area.

This economic system must be replaced by one that is oriented towards the production and interregional exchange (equitable and beneficial for all) of goods and services that satisfy the needs of our population, preventing the imposition of odious protagonisms, as we have seen in the disastrous experience of the EU, where most of its countries are veritable neo-colonies of two great powers, Germany and France.

Such a system must go beyond the simple production of food, generating the necessary wealth through a powerful industrial apparatus, leveraged on the enormous natural resources that we possess, today exploited, for the most part, by foreign powers.

It is essential for the success of this objective that it be internalized by the majority of the population. But we must understand that this has a major obstacle, and that is that this extractive, agricultural and non-industrial model has created a whole ecosystem, to give it a name, of businessmen, politicians, military, media, etc. who have benefited and continue to benefit from it and who, as we have seen recently in Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, Chile, etc., oppose tooth and nail any change in this neocolonial paradigm.

To overcome this resistance and achieve the ideological hegemony of development and welfare for the population, it is necessary to build a political behavior, not of confrontation, but of conviction. And in this aspect it is vital to transcend the mere initiative of governments, achieving transversal action in the region, of the different components of our societies: Universities, Trade Unions, Business Associations, Political Parties, etc.

WALKING WITH BOTH FEET DEFENDING THE ENVIRONMENT

In addition, it is urgent that this initiative also includes the fight against global climate change that has affected and continues to affect our countries, as we have recently seen in the fires in Chile, the droughts in Argentina and Uruguay, the floods in Brazil, the mudslides in Peru, etc., etc.

We must start now with, to mention just one example, achieving a Colombian-Venezuelan agreement that goes beyond the merely economic aspect, and prohibits the exploitation of coal by German and Chinese multinationals in the Goajira and the Sierra del Perijá, due to its highly depredatory effect on the environment.

It is time to erase the hypocrisy of the past and move from blah, blah, blah, to facts.

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Editorial May 30, 2023

ABOUT THE LAST MEETING OF SOUTH AMERICAN LEADERS

As was unfortunately demonstrated at the recent meeting of South American leaders, the President of Brazil was quite right when he stated that excessive ideologization is the main reason why Latin Americans and Caribbean countries have not been united in the pursuit of our integration.

It is imperative that our Latin American and Caribbean community, which is suffering its consequences in a dramatic way, has a decisive weight within them to promote effective decision making to successfully confront Climate Change.

The unfortunate thing is that, for reasons other than environmental ones, including changes in the world economy, the recent COVID 19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, there is a growing feeling of the need to design a new structure for the United Nations. Indeed, its Secretary General has recently made a clear statement on the subject.

THE ROLE OF OUR COUNTRIES IN THIS NEW WORLD ORDER

If we want to protect ourselves from the effects of Climate Change, our countries must play a leading role in the construction of this new world and not leave it exclusively in the hands of its main causes.

We cannot fall into the same mistake made when World War II ended and the United Nations was created, a process in which our region alienated its positions and interests in the hands of the victorious powers, despite the fact that countries such as Brazil, Argentina and Mexico had an outstanding degree of development that justified their leading role.

This erroneous conduct, which deprived Latin America and the Caribbean of a powerful voice in the international arena, led to the subsequent use of most of our governments as mere pawns in the conflicts between the great powers, causing us to suffer a succession of disastrous events, such as coups d'état, assassinations, cruel dictatorships, civil wars, etc., which castrated our development, to the point of suffering from growing poverty in large social sectors of our countries.

In this new international order that is emerging, it is mentioned that Brazil would have a permanent seat in the Security Council of the United Nations, a fact that seems to us excellent in the defense of our peoples.

But there is a danger that could threaten this defense, and that is the fact that in the future, the country's leaders could come to power because of their extreme ideology, or because they represent the interests of the predators of the Amazon, and act against the causes of the rest of the region.

That is why the other countries of Latin America and the Caribbean should also have a permanent seat in the Security Council.

There are plenty of reasons. For example, our combined population (more than 450 million inhabitants) is double that of Brazil (209 million inhabitants). The same is true of GDP. According to

the IMF, the GDP PPP in millions of dollars of our countries as a whole will total 8,410,944 by the year 2023, while Brazil, according to the same estimate, will reach 4,020,381.

In simple words, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean have significant power on the world scene and we must know how to use it to our advantage. To this end, we must achieve a union whose conduct rises above this harmful ideologization, acting for the common good, in which the fight against climate change plays a major role.

AGAINST THE FORMATION OF ISOLATED REGIONAL BLOCS

On the other hand, there is a danger that, with the South American union of nations, the old purpose of the great powers to divide the region into disconnected blocs will materialize. In the past, we have seen this with Mercosur, the Andean Community, the Central American Union, etc.

Latin American and Caribbean unity must include all, or most, of its countries in a single bloc. There is no other.

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Editorial 2023/06/30

THE CELAC-EU MEETING, A SAD MIRROR OF REALITY

The upcoming meeting in Paris between the European Union and CELAC, scheduled for mid-July, should serve as a mirror for Latin Americans and Caribbeans to contemplate our sad reality.

In effect, that meeting will be attended by a European Union that is already constituted, with physical headquarters for its various bodies; with a parliament that is functioning and legislating and whose laws and resolutions are obeyed by its members; with a single currency; with symbols and anthem; with a bureaucratic structure that covers practically all aspects of governance; with a solid management team and, most importantly, with very clear objectives to be achieved in our region, such as guaranteeing access to raw materials and ensuring that our countries open up unconditionally to the commercialization of the products they produce.

That voracity for our resources, even disrespecting the resolutions taken by international organizations to address Climate Change, as we see, for example, in actions as polluting as that of the German government seeking to exploit a large open-pit coal mine in the Colombian Goajira.

On the other hand, we Latin Americans and Caribbeans will be attending under the figure of an organization that, practically speaking, functions only on paper, with no headquarters, no major bureaucratic structure, and worse still, without a union of objectives. Faced with this reality, what negotiating power do we have to defend our interests? How can our proposals be taken seriously? How can we be the protagonists of our own destiny?

And even sadder is the position of the "progressive" President of Brazil, Ignacio "Lula" Da Silva, who seeks to drag the other Mercosur countries into an economic agreement with the European Union, disregarding the interests of the rest of the Latin American community. In this situation, the other members of Mercosur have the floor.

A particularly serious fact, since the major powers intend to place Brazil as a permanent representative in the Security Council IN REPRESENTATION OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN!

In the face of events such as these, we must have a coherent and firm stance on issues such as the brain drain, whose training costs our countries billions of valuable foreign currency without receiving anything in return; the transfer of industrial know-how; the protection of our local production; the fight against climate change; European permissibility in the face of drug trafficking; emigration; among others.

This structural deficiency should be, by itself, a more than powerful reason for us to start immediately on the road to union and integration.

The conditions are in place. It is enough to see how the recent meeting of CELAC science and technology ministers was held quickly, massively and successfully in Caracas.

WE MUST KEEP IN MIND THAT THE VERY SERIOUS PROBLEMS WE SUFFER TODAY ARE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE NEGLIGENCE OR IGNORANCE OF PAST LEADERS, AND THAT THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS OF TODAY'S LEADERS. THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN WILL BE A CONSEQUENCE OF THE ACTIONS TAKEN BY TODAY'S LEADERS.

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