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|THE STRUGGLE IS FOR LATIN AMERICAN INTEGRATION
The recent COVID19 pandemic and the current war in Ukraine have led many countries to consider the need to create a New International Order that is capable of effectively facing both these types of situations and the very serious challenges that are looming in the immediate future of humanity, such as: climate change, desertification, water scarcity, new pandemics and wars, etc.
Latin Americans cannot remain on the sidelines of these realities. It is necessary the participation of our nations in the design of any new global structure- The only way to achieve this is by achieving the integration of Latin American and Caribbean countries,
In order to achieve this unity, we must overcome the obstacles and weaknesses that have historically prevented this desire, present in our peoples since the time of the independence of our nations, from becoming a reality.
Moreover, in these last two years of pandemic, we have seen how the economies of most of our countries have suffered the effects caused by the upheavals that affected the economic poles on which they depend, suffering serious effects due to not being able to sell their agricultural products for export, not receiving tourists or not being able to have inputs, machinery and spare parts to feed their goods production.
An integrationist structure is needed to bring progress to our nations, to change economic models based fundamentally on export-oriented agricultural, livestock and mining activities; the development of transcontinental tourism; and with a weak industrial plant, for systems that complement these current economic activities with a powerful industrial apparatus, since this brings with it technological advances that feed back, making it grow, sometimes exponentially, which ultimately results in improving the quality of life of the people.
The success of this integrationist purpose will depend on the creation of a regional conscience, which will allow us to build and strengthen this feeling throughout our territories, accompanying and serving as a solid support for the initiatives taken.
To achieve true political sovereignty, we must conquer economic sovereignty.
In order to achieve the goal of a powerful political and economic integration, our region has:
* An extension of more than twenty million square kilometers, physically independent from the rest of the world, an ideal condition for the development of trade and physical communication between our nations.
* More than 660 million inhabitants, guaranteeing a demand for goods and services large enough to stimulate and sustain a large productive apparatus.
* The Latin American and Caribbean peoples are alien to racist and segregationist feelings, since they have a common root of white, indigenous and black races; they basically profess two religions, Catholic and Protestant; three predominant languages are spoken, Spanish, Portuguese and English; all of this is wrapped by the idea of belonging to the great Latin American nation, formed in the independence process and nurtured in all countries in the last 200 years.
* Latin America and the Caribbean also possess large deposits of mineral wealth, vital for self-sustained industrial development, such as aluminum, oil, gas, copper, nickel, tin, iron, lithium, coltan, etc., gigantic reserves of fresh water, extensive marine areas and huge extensions of arable land.
This sum of factors gives the Latin American region unique conditions to greatly facilitate the production, distribution and marketing of interregional goods and services.
We must take advantage of this unique opportunity that history has given us with the pandemic and the war in Ukraine, to see our weaknesses and correct them for the benefit of our peoples.
But beyond that, we must assume the responsibility of helping to build a world in peace, solidarity and inclusiveness, leaving behind our role as "stick-watchers", for which it is essential to define a common policy.
Likewise, this integration is necessary when we observe the reaction of European countries to the Ukrainian conflict, as they themselves say, to reduce so-called "unhealthy dependencies" and seek the "development" of markets in Latin America or Africa, promoting "modern free trade agreements", for fear of losing supplies of raw materials such as gas, oil, nickel, aluminum, etc., or agricultural and livestock products.
In other words, in order to achieve their objectives of replacing "unhealthy dependencies", they will intensify their search for suppliers of raw materials and agricultural products, as well as consumers of their industrial production, with the real danger that they will be tempted, in order to try to install "friendly" regimes and governments in our countries, to repeat destabilizing behaviors of our governments or even to promote internal conflicts.
We have lived through many such tragic and sad experiences since almost the very moment we achieved our independence.