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FOR A NEW INTERNATIONAL ORDER: DEMOCRATIC AND INCLUSIVE

Human beings are facing challenges such as we have never faced before in history, and which threaten life itself on the planet, the most serious of which are the following:

* Climate change with its terrifying prospects;

* Pandemics such as the one experienced with COVID 19 and those predicted to occur again, which could be even more severe;

* Wars with their devastating effects;

* and the terrible drama of migration.

To which we must add others as serious as the scarcity of fresh water; drug trafficking, desertification; the attempt of several powers to take over the polar caps; the definition of the use of outer space.

Unfortunately, humanity does not have a functional organization that can successfully face these serious challenges, since the United Nations, which was called upon to fulfill this role, was not conceived to take on this role and has proven to be inefficient. It needs a profound reengineering.

>In fact, its current structure is the culmination of a historical process that began in the mid-19th century when a handful of Western empires divided up the dominion of the planet among themselves, and whose struggle to redistribute that distribution ultimately generated very serious conflicts among themselves, culminating in the two so-called World Wars.

The terrible experience of the last of these imposed on the victorious powers the need to create a mechanism at the international level which, while preserving their interests, would avoid a new confrontation between them, the maximum expression of this objective being the so-called "Security Council" and the absurd "veto power" exercised in it by five nations: United States, Russia, China, France and England.

In the same sense of building the post-war New International Order, these powers created organizations and institutions to control the economic, social and legal activities of mankind, such as the ILO, the ICJ, the Swift System, the ICC, the IMF, and even FIFA, etc. The current Russian-Ukrainian war has starkly revealed how these institutions were placed at the service of one of the sides in the conflict, contradicting the entire globalizing narrative disseminated in recent decades, dramatically demonstrating how out of step they are with the new political and economic realities at the global level.

Today we see how a new planet has emerged with more than 190 nations, home to about eight billion inhabitants, which claim a leading role in the direction of the destinies of humanity, claims impossible to ignore in the face of the enormous challenges it faces.

It is on this path that our Association has proposed to lend all its collaboration and effort. And we do so in the understanding that it is a very difficult task, due to the strength of the interests of sectors that, in order to maintain their dominant positions, oppose the establishment of an organized system of nations, which is democratic and inclusive, that will allow us to successfully face the challenges ahead.

UN CAMINO DE ESPÈRANZA

The recent General Assembly of the United Nations, which approved the suspension of Russia from the Human Rights Council, taught us important lessons that make us look to the future with optimism.

In fact, the inhabitants of the nations that did not vote in favor of the US government's proposals to expel Russia from the UN Commission on Human Rights number some four billion eight hundred million (4.8 million) inhabitants, approximately sixty (60) percent of the world's population.

And that percentage becomes higher if we add to that figure the inhabitants of the countries that did vote in favor, but did so as a way of setting a precedent against the invasions of one country by another, but do not recognize the American power or the European Union as their leaders,

That vote made it very clear that the unipolar world that was intended to be established at the end of the Cold War has collapsed, a situation that we, the nations that love democracy and human solidarity, must take advantage of in order to build a world in which wars disappear and which is based on democracy, solidarity and inclusion.

It is in this context that we understand that the countries of the South and Central American and Caribbean region, if they manage to achieve their integration, can play a decisive role in the construction of this new world.